Through imaginary dialogues, the author sought to explore the social and natural causes behind Jewish suffering. He applied these methods especially to his analysis of the Spanish Expulsion. See Shohat, ed. Tcherikower implied here that Ibn Verga made this statement about the Jewish people. In reality, however, Tcherikower took this quotation completely out of context. In Shebet Yehudah , this statement appears as part of an imaginary conversation between King Alfonso of Spain and his advisor, Thomas.
In this conversation, the king seeks an interpretation for his dream. Thomas suggested that the king ask a Jew since the Jewish people possessed a direct link with prophecy. When the king approached a certain Jew, however, this Jew replied that Jewish exile and suffering had led to the loss of prophecy. According to Shohat, this comparison of the Jews to a torch served as a regular polemical tool of medieval Christians.
See Shohat ed.
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The fact that Tcherikower took this quotation so out of context speaks to his limited knowledge of medieval Hebrew sources. As an historian primarily of the Russian Jewish experience, Tcherikower gained knowledge of medieval Hebrew sources from anthologies. Most likely, also, Tcherikower came across this quotation from Shebet Yehudah in a work of anthology or in a secondary source. Also see Dubnov , Kniga zhizni , —9. Tcherikower repeated this assertion throughout his career.
See Dubnov, Geshikhte fun yidn, vol.
In his introduction to Hasidism there, Dubnov made an intriguing parallel between the rise of Hasidism and the rise of early Christianity. Tcherikower, however, did not follow this line of historical reasoning. Instead, he viewed these movements as examples of collective national renaissance in the wake of tragedy that contrasted starkly with the spiritually vacuous individualism of his contemporary generation.
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Tcherikower wrote the chapters on a history of Jewish emancipation in Western Europe as well as on the lack of Jewish rights in Tsarist Russia. See Ber Borochov, ed. In kampf, 12—20, 33— Tcherikower succeeded in writing two volumes of his planned history of the pogroms. See Tcherikower, Antisemitizm un pogromen and Tcherikower, Ukrayiner pogromen.
Although he apparently wrote the latter work during the s and s, it only appeared in print posthumously in The translation comes from Frankel, S. Dubnov , For an English translation, see Roskies, ed. In the more popular version of this story, it is King David, rather than a Talmudic sage, who warded off the Angel of Death through study. It would be tempting, therefore, to argue that Tcherikower had not remembered the story correctly. However, in reality, several versions of this story exist within rabbinic literature.
In one of them, the story occurs with the early amora , Rav Hisda, in his interaction with the Angel of Death. In relating that this Talmudic story occurred with a Tanna , Tcherikower may well have remembered the story with Rav Hisda.
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Perhaps he recalled this story from his youth. Quite likely, though, he had read about it in a collection of Jewish legends, such as those by H. Bialik and Y. Ravnitsky, which had appeared several years earlier.
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IV, —14 and Ginzberg, Legends of the Jews , vol. VI, footnotes and For a discussion of the affinities between Jewish cultural nationalism and traditional religious categories, see Fishman, The Rise , The poem ends with the hope that both the poet, who symbolises the Jewish people, and the study house, which symbolises its spirit, will be rebuilt.
See H. In an article for the Warsaw Yiddish daily, Moment , about the archive and its perilous journey, the Yiddish writer, H.
Tcherikower, ed. Tcherikower divided this book into two sections. The first consisted of memoirs and diaries of the years of the revolution and civil war by such prominent figures as Dubnov, A. Mukdoyni, Alexander Khomski, and others. This second volume never appeared in print.
Tcherikower worried that the massacres of would eclipse the memories of early events that Russian Jewry had experienced during the First World War and the Revolution. Ginzberg taught at the Jewish Theological seminary from to For 50 years, he trained two generations of Conservative Rabbis.
follow url The Legends of the Jews is an epic 7-volume compilation of traditional Jewish stories loosely related to the Bible. Volumes contain the stories, while volumes contain Ginzberg's notes and commentary. Over the millenia, these stories, which expand on the Bible, flesh out the lives of biblical figures. In the process, they help bring to life the Bible's valuable lessons. The Legends of the Jews has been called a monumental work of scholarship.
It is studied by serious students of both Judaism and Christianity. And yet the stories continue to be accessible and understood by all. They were designed to impart lessons of the Torah, and any child or adult will find much to enjoy about this work. For more free audio books or to become a volunteer reader, visit LibriVox.
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